Acorn - New 400 Series  Archimedes A440/1
aco_a441

The Acorn A440/1

The Acorn Archimedes A440/1 was released in June of 1989 alongside the Acorn A410/1 and the Acorn A420/1. All three models were basically the same machine, but the A440/1 came with 4MByte of RAM and a larger 40MByte ST506 harddrive. Like the other machines it had the new MEMC1A memory controller, which was an improvement over the design of the original Acorn A410

Acorn Archimedes Computers

The Acorn Archimedes computer was the commercially available computer to use the RISC (Reduced Instruction Set CPU) architecture. The first models were launched in 1987, and Acorn developed updated models of the machines until the early 1990's. The CPU in the Acorn machines is the ARM chip, which stands for Acorn RISC Machine. ARM Chips are still used today, one popular example is the iPhone.

Arthur Operating System

The Acorn Archimedes computers were initially shipped with the Arthur OS, but could be upgraded to RISC OS, by replacing the ROM chips that contained the operating system. Because of these ROMs, the computer would boot immediatly into it's GUI, similar to the Atari ST line of computers. This gave them a significant advantage over PC's that loaded the operating system from disk.

The early Archimedes computers used the Arthur operating system, which was replaced in 1989 with RISC OS. RISC-OS featured co-operative multitasking, task management, solid window manipulation, adaptive rendering of bitmaps and coloring, and above all stability that the Arthur OS lacked. New applications quickly started to take advantage of the RISC-OS resulting in mature software such as Acorn Desktop Publisher, and even a PC Emulator.

By Acorn CPU ARM2 @8MHz Memory 4MB RAM Sound 8 channel, 8-bit stereo sound. Sprites 1 hardware sprite Display 640x256, 256 colors, 640x512, 16 colors, 1024x1024, mono Display Chip VIDC1A Video Display Processor Sound Chip Integrated CPU Class ARM Developed by Acorn
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Acorn BBC / Archimedes
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