The Acorn/BBC Archimedes 3000
The A3000 was still branded with the BBC logo, and used an 8MHz ARM2 CPU and was offered with 1MByte RAM and the RISC OS on 512KByte ROM. Unlike previous models, the A3000 came in a single-part case similar to the Commodore Amiga and Atari ST computers
The main market for the A3000, due to it's BBC branding, was schools and education. This was a great success and within a year, the A3000 represented 15% of the computers in UK schools.
Acorn Archimedes Computers
The Acorn Archimedes computer was the commercially available computer to use the RISC (Reduced Instruction Set CPU) architecture. The first models were launched in 1987, and Acorn developed updated models of the machines until the early 1990's. The CPU in the Acorn machines is the ARM chip, which stands for Acorn RISC Machine. ARM Chips are still used today, one popular example is the iPhone.
Arthur Operating System
The Acorn Archimedes computers were initially shipped with the Arthur OS, but could be upgraded to RISC OS, by replacing the ROM chips that contained the operating system. Because of these ROMs, the computer would boot immediatly into it's GUI, similar to the Atari ST line of computers. This gave them a significant advantage over PC's that loaded the operating system from disk.
The early Archimedes computers used the Arthur operating system, which was replaced in 1989 with RISC OS. RISC-OS featured co-operative multitasking, task management, solid window manipulation, adaptive rendering of bitmaps and coloring, and above all stability that the Arthur OS lacked. New applications quickly started to take advantage of the RISC-OS resulting in mature software such as Acorn Desktop Publisher, and even a PC Emulator.