Commodore - Vic/C64  Commodore 64
com_c64

Commodore 64

The Commodore 64, also known as the C64 or the CBM 64, is an 8-bit home computer introduced in January 1982 by Commodore International (first shown at the Consumer Electronics Show, January 7–10, 1982, in Las Vegas). It has been listed in the Guinness World Records as the highest-selling single computer model of all time, with independent estimates placing the number sold between 12.5 and 17 million units.

Volume production started in early 1982, marketing in August for US$595 (equivalent to $1,596 in 2020). Preceded by the Commodore VIC-20 and Commodore PET, the C64 took its name from its 64 kilobytes (65,536 bytes) of RAM. With support for multicolor sprites and a custom chip for waveform generation, the C64 could create superior visuals and audio compared to systems without such custom hardware.

The C64 dominated the low-end computer market (except in the UK and Japan, lasting only about six months in Japan) for most of the later years of the 1980s. For a substantial period (1983–1986), the C64 had between 30% and 40% share of the US market and two million units sold per year, outselling IBM PC compatibles, Apple computers, and the Atari 8-bit family of computers. Sam Tramiel, a later Atari president and the son of Commodore's founder, said in a 1989 interview, "When I was at Commodore we were building 400,000 C64s a month for a couple of years." In the UK market, the C64 faced competition from the BBC Micro and the ZX Spectrum, but the C64 was still the second most popular computer in the UK after the ZX Spectrum. The Commodore 64 failed to make any impact in Japan. The Japanese market was dominated by Japanese computers, such as the NEC PC-8801, Sharp X1, Fujitsu FM-7, and MSX.

By Commodore CPU MOS 6510 @1MHz Memory 64K RAM Sound 3 independent audio oscillators with 4 waveforms Sprites 8 24x21 hi-res or color sprites Display 25x40 text, 320x200 in 16 colors Display Chip VIC-II (MOS 6566) Sound Chip SID (MOS 6581) CPU Class 6510 Developed by Commodore
Related Systems
 
Commodore PET/CBM
 
Commodore CBM II
 
Commodore Home Computers
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Commodore  64
 
Commodore Amiga
Books & Publications
Collection of books for the Commodore computer platform
Books & publications for the Commodore Amiga line.
Magazines & Serials
German Commodore 64/128 Magazine and themed Specials (Sonderheft)
US Magazine devoted to the Commodore Amiga Computer. It started as a user group magazine growing out to a professional magazine lasting almost to the turn of the century.
Amiga Computing was a long-lived and respected magazine published initially by Europress, later IDG, covering most aspects of the Amiga.
The Amiga Joker was Germany's first and largest trade magazine for amigas and enthusiastic gamers from 1989 to 1996.
Magazine for the Commodore 64/128/Amiga
Commodore Revue is a French Magazine dedicated to Commodore and later to the Commodore Amiga in particular. The name later changed to Amiga Revue.
BiMonthly magazine for Commodore users in the USA
Oldest British Comodore Magazine
Compute!'s Gazette was a computer magazine of the 1980s, directed at users of Commodore's 8-bit home computers.
Una rivista italiana di informatica dedicata a tutti i computer Commodore. An Italian computer information magazine dedicated to the Commodore Computer.
RUN
RUN focused on 1980’s Commodore 8bit hardware like the Commodore 64, VIC-20, Plus/4, C16,116, 264, and 128.
Your Commodore was a magazine for the Commodore range of computers, including the Commodore 64, Amiga, and Commodore PC range.
Manuals & Catalogs
Technical and software manuals for the Amiga
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