Macintosh Quadra 650
Apple made choosing a Macintosh not easy, the different branding of models between Education, Business and home consumers made things confusing, and to add to that, the Macintosh Quadra 650 (Originally the Centris 650) was sold in five configurations:
- 68LC040 @25MHz, 4MB RAM, 512K VRAM, 80MB HDD, no Ethernet
- 68040 @25MHz, 8MB RAM, 512K VRAM, 80MB HDD
- 68040 @25MHz, 8MB RAM, 512K VRAM, 230MB HDD
- 68040 @25MHz, 8MB RAM, 512K VRAM, 230MB HDD, Apple CD-ROM
- 68040 @25MHz, 24MB RAM, 512K VRAM, 500MB HDD
Is it a Quadra? An LC? A Performa?
In 1993 Apple made the decision to rename their Macintosh computers. They introduced three different product names, based on the target audiences. The result of this is that many Macintosh machines are exact duplicates of each other, but just with a different brand name.
- Quadra line - Business Customers, sold only through Apple resellers.
- LC line - Education market, sold primarily to schools.
- Performa - Home consumers, sold in department and electronics stores.
Example: The Macintosh Quadra 605 is the same computer as the Macintosh LC 475 and the Macintosh Performa 475.
Motorola 68000 CPU Family
The Motorola 68000 is a 16/32-bit microprocessor that was first released in 1979. It was widely used in computers and other electronic devices during the 1980s and early 1990s. The 68000 was known for its advanced architecture, which included a 32-bit internal bus and a 24-bit address bus, allowing it to access up to 16 megabytes of memory. This made it more powerful than many other processors of its time, such as the Intel 8086 and Zilog Z80. It was also designed to be highly modular and expandable, with a large number of on-chip and off-chip peripherals.
Some of the most famous and successful computers that used the 68000 was the Commodore Amiga and the Atari ST, both of which were popular in the home and personal computer markets. Additionally, it was also used in workstations, such as the Sun 3 and Apollo DN3000, and in a wide variety of embedded systems and industrial control systems. The 68000 was also used in the Macintosh, the first model of the Macintosh was powered by a Motorola 68000 CPU. The processor was eventually succeeded by the 68020 and 68030, which offered improved performance and additional features.
The 68000 has a 32-bit instruction set, with 32-bit registers and a 16-bit internal data bus. The address bus is 24-bit and does not use memory segmentation, making it easier to address memory. There are three ALU's (Arithmetic Logic Unit), two for calculating addresses, and one for data, and the chip has a 16-bit external address bus.
The 68000 architecture was expanded with 32-bit ALUs, and caches. Here is a list with some 680x0 versions and their major improvements:
- 68010 - Virtual memory support
- 68020 - 32-bit ALU & Instruction Cache
- 68030 - On-Chip MMU, 2x 256 byte cache
- 68040 - 2x 4K Cache, 6 stage pipeline, FPU
- 68LC040 - No Floating Point Unit (FPU)
- 68060 - 2x 8K Cache, 10 stage pipelinet
Source: WikiPedia - Motorola 6800
Source: WikiPedia - 68000 Series
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